Alleviation of Poverty in Borno State: The Missing Link

Ibrahim Mohammed Lawal, Umar Babagana Imam, Babagana Bukar, Nur Baba Shettima


Poverty alleviation has become a top agenda of government and Non-Governmental organizations (NGO). Taking into cognizance its alarming rate, the Borno State Government cannot be an exception. Borno State government has been going round the clock in order to reduce this menace via its Federal Government programs, creating enabling environment, setting up local programs and schemes, creation of a Ministry of Poverty Alleviation and voting in resources. But, these measures have not been successful as the poverty level is still high. This creates a missing link. In this context, the Islamic social redistributive instruments such as Zakāt, Sadaqah, Waqf and Qard-e-Hasan loan are considered as the appropriate tools that can be used in alleviating poverty in the state. This is a state where about 98% of its population is Muslims. Some of these tools are considered as an act of ibadah and Allah (SWT) and His Messenger has enjoined his Ummah to practice it. This tool was also adopted by past prophets. Therefore, the study concludes that these are considered as the right peg in the right hole in alleviating poverty and it should be pursued alongside the existing and new government programs of alleviating poverty. The study suggests that the state government should set up Zakāt organization so as to incorporate other tools that will be independent and decentralized across the 27 LGA’s. These should be managed by the board that has participation of religious leaders and individuals with proven integrity and experience. Finally, it is also necessary to intensify efforts on advertisements.


Zakāt, Poverty, Waqf, Qard-e-Hasan Loan, Sadaqah

Full Text:



Anyanwu, J.C. (1997). Poverty: Concepts, Measurement and Determinants. Proceeding of NES Conference on Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria, Dept of Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.

Bello, S. (2016). “Hon. Kashim Shettima Presents Appropriation Bill to the Borno State House of Assembly for 2017 Fiscal Year” Dandal Kura Radio International. Available at: Kashim- Shettima- Presents -Appropriation -Bill -to –the- Borno- State- House- of Assembly –for- 2017- Fiscal- Year/ Retrieved on 26/05/2017. 04:45pm.

BOSEEDS (2005). A Social Contract of Development. By Department Budget and Planning (Governor’s Office) Vol. I, October, pp. 5 – 6.

Hornby, A.S. (2006). Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary. Oxford University Press. USA 7th Edition, 2006: pp. 1135.

Ndahi M. (2012). Borno Spends Over N1b on Poverty Alleviation. Vanguard News. Available at: Retrieved on 26/05/2017. 03:45pm.

Ojha, P.O. (1970). A Configuration of Indian Poverty. Reserve Bank of India Bulletin, January.

Reutlinger, S. & Selowsky, M. (1976), Malnutrition and Poverty. Baltimore; John Hopkins University Press.

Ravallion, M., & Bidani, B. (1994). How Robust is a Poverty Profile? World Bank Economic Review, 8(1): 75-102.

Umar, L.Y, & Sulieman, K (2014). An Evaluation of Poverty Reduction Programme in Maiduguri Metropolitan Area, Borno State, 2008-2012. Research on Humanities and Social Sciences. 4(8), 117-124.

World Summit for Social Development (1995). Reports of the World Summit for Social Development, A/CONF.169/9 held on 6-12 March, 1995, Copenhagen. Denmark. Available at: world-summit-for-social-development-1995/wssd-1995-agreements.html. Retrieved on 22/05/2015. 12:17am.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


Journal of Philanthropy (JoPH)
e-ISSN: 2636-9540

Published by
Islamic Economic Studies and Thoughts Centre (IESTC)
Bangi, Malaysia  
Phone : +(021)-3904555, Fax.: +6221–3913777